My Blog
September 14, 2021
Category: ENT
Tags: Allergy  

Allergies are associated with a wide range of symptoms that can leave you feeling less than your best. If you’re dealing with chronic sinus congestion, itchy eyes, skin rashes, or other symptoms, help is available. Dr. Giulio Cavalli, the experienced Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor at Berkshire Medical Center can develop a treatment plan to help you achieve relief from allergies.

Allergy Causes and Symptoms

Allergy symptoms can be caused by various allergens. An allergen is a substance that prompts an allergic reaction from the immune system, such as sneezing or a skin rash. Common allergens include:

  • Pollen
  • Dust mites
  • Animal dander
  • Household chemicals
  • Certain foods (e.g., wheat, nuts, dairy, shellfish)
  • Certain medications (e.g., penicillin)
  • Insect bites or stings
  • Latex
  • Mold

An allergic reaction to a substance can result in the development of certain symptoms. The symptoms that are experienced depend on the type of allergen causing them. For example, an allergic reaction to pollen can result in sneezing and itchy eyes. Allergy symptoms can include:

  • Hives or skin rash
  • Sinus congestion
  • Itchy or watery eyes
  • Sneezing or runny nose
  • Swelling in the eyes, mouth, or face
  • Wheezing or coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Scratchy throat

Treating Allergies

Your highly skilled Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor can develop an individualized plan for treating your allergies. Allergy tests may be performed to identify the specific allergen(s) causing the reaction. Once the allergen is confirmed, the doctor can recommend a treatment method best suited to you and your symptoms.

Treatment methods can vary based on the type of allergy and its symptoms. One option is medication, such as:

  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Steroid medicines (e.g., oral inhalers)
  • Lotions or creams

Another method for treating certain types of allergies is immunotherapy. This method involves repeated exposure to small doses of an allergen, either by injection or by placing drops of allergen extract under the tongue. Each time the body is exposed to the allergen, the body begins building up its tolerance to the substance. As the body becomes increasingly resistant or immune to the effects of the allergen, you begin to experience fewer allergy symptoms.

Help for allergies is available. Dr. Cavalli can develop an effective treatment plan for you. To schedule an appointment with our Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor, call Berkshire Medical Center at (413) 443-6116‎.

July 14, 2021
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Hearing Aids  

Dr. Giulio Cavalli, your Pittsfield, MA, ear nose, and throat specialist is here for you when it's time to be fitted with hearing aids. If you are experiencing hearing loss, it can be alarming and upsetting to realize how much you are missing out on. There are various types of hearing aids available that can help you get back into the conversation!

Hearing Aids

All hearing aids have the same basic components. A microphone captures the sound, an amplifier magnifies the sound, and a receiver sends the amplified sounds to your ear. The right style for you will depend on your lifestyle, and your Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor can help you decide.

Behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids are worn behind the ear and amplify sounds into an earbud that is placed in the ear canal. This style is popular because they are discrete and can help correct mild to severe hearing loss, as well as being easy to use and maintain.

In-the-ear (ITE) hearing aids are custom-made (using molds of your ear) to fit into your outer ear, and can correct mild to moderate hearing loss. They remain visible, but ITE hearing aids are recommended if you have frequent ear infections because they do not obstruct the canal.

In-the-canal (ITC) hearing aids are custom made to fit in your ear canals, and only a small portion shows in the outer ear. They are not recommended for everyone because they are not easy to adjust manually, and children and older adults may have a harder time. They will also not be recommended for you if you have frequent ear infections. Within this category, there is an invisible-in-canal (IIC) option that is nearly invisible but not suited for severe hearing loss.

Dr. Cavalli, your ear, nose, and throat specialist outfits patients with hearing aids to restore hearing and get them back into the conversation. With an evaluation and consultation, we can find the best hearing aid solution for you. Contact us for an appointment in Pittsfield, MA, at (413) 443-6116‎.

February 08, 2021
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Hearing Aids  

Hearing is one of our basic senses, helping us navigate situations, communicate with others, and experience the joys of music and movies. People have different levels of hearing, with some able to hear sounds clear as a bell and others struggling to make out words.

If you are finding hearing difficult, Dr. Giulio Cavalli at Giulio Cavalli Medical in Pittsfield, MA, can help you find hearing aids that work for your lifestyle.

How do hearing aids work?

Hearing aids come in many forms, but all work similarly, using small microphones to pick up sounds. A chip with an amplifier transforms the sound into a digital code, which adjusts the sound to meet your aural needs. The signals are converted into sound waves and enter your ears through the speakers in the hearing aids, so you can hear clearly and at an appropriate volume.

What kind of hearing aid is right for me?

At our office, we offer several types of hearing aids. Styles include a case that fits behind the ear and a case that goes over the outer portion of the ear. Both are effective, and while small and often flesh-colored, they are still visible. An in-the-canal hearing aid is more discreet, fitting inside the ear canal which helps conceal it.

Our Pittsfield, MA, office can also fit you with receiver-in-canal styles, which have a speaker that fits in your ear canal and uses an electrical wire to help you hear sounds more distinctly.

If you prefer not to have to remove your hearing aids regularly, an extended wear version offers the convenience of only needing removal every few months. For those who are unable to use a hearing aid, whether due to a narrow ear canal, ear deformity, or experience allergic reactions in the ear, middle ear implants may be an option. These devices consist of an implant surgically attached to the inner portion of the ear, and a receiver and processor, the latter of which is externally placed. Middle ear implants work by converting sounds into vibrations.

If your hearing could use improvement, call our Pittsfield, MA, office today at 413-443-6116 to make an appointment with Dr. Giulio Cavalli of Giulio Cavalli Medical.

December 17, 2020
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Sinus Infection   Sinus  

A sinus infection, likewise called sinusitis, is commonly confused with a terrible cold that doesn’t let up. Why? Simply because a lot of these conditions’ symptoms are alike, like nasal congestion or a runny nose, headaches, and facial pain. Unlike a bad cold, however, the symptoms of sinus infections might be due to bacterial infections that usually require antibiotic treatment to be effectively treated.

So if you think you’re suffering from a sinus infection, visit your ENT doctor in Pittsfield, MA, Dr. Giulio Cavalli of Giulio Cavalli Medical for an accurate diagnosis. By thwarting the progression of a sinus infection as soon as possible, you can avoid complications that may develop later on.

Warning Signs of a Sinus Infection

  • Discolored, usually greenish, nasal discharge
  • Postnasal drip
  • Nasal congestion or stuffiness
  • Frontal head pain
  • Tenderness in the face, typically at the nose bridge and/or under the eyes
  • Coughing
  • Tooth pain
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • Fever

Sinusitis is also usually mistaken for rhinitis, which is a term used for describing symptoms that come with nasal irritation and inflammation. But this only affects the nasal passages and could be due to allergies or a cold. Allergies can likewise play a vital role in long-lasting or chronic rhinitis and bouts of seasonal rhinitis.

That being said, with sinusitis, the sinus and nasal passages become inflamed, congested, and swollen to try and flush out allergen particles. These allergens typically include seasonal allergens like pollen as well as allergens that can cause year-round symptoms like dust mites, dander, and molds.

Do note that asthma has likewise been associated with chronic sinusitis and that some individuals with asthma and/or chronic nasal irritation and inflammation could develop a certain kind of chronic sinusitis that isn’t a result of an infection.

Diagnosing a Sinus Infection

Diagnosis will depend on your specific symptoms and will entail a thorough inspection of the sinuses, nose, and throat. Your ENT doctor in Pittsfield, MA, will sinus infection symptoms like:

  • Swollen nasal tissues
  • Redness
  • Facial tenderness
  • Bad breath
  • Greenish nasal discharge

If your sinusitis persists for more than eight weeks and/or if antibiotics fail to clear up the infection, your doctor may recommend a CT scan and obtain a mucus culture to find out what’s causing your symptoms. Knowing the specific bacterium that’s causing your sinusitis will help your doctor determine a treatment plan that will be most effective for you.

Additionally, you may need to undergo a biopsy if your condition is caused by a fungal infection since this could penetrate and wreak havoc on the surrounding bone.

Call Us For Help Treating Your Sinus Infection

Arrange an evaluation with your ENT doctor in Pittsfield, MA, Dr. Giulio Cavalli, here at Giulio Cavalli Medical, by calling (413) 443-6116‎.

September 21, 2020
Category: ENT Care
Tags: Hoarseness   Hoarse Throat  

Communication is an important aspect of our everyday lives, and most people use their voices frequently to communicate throughout their waking hours. However, when hoarseness strikes, it can be an uncomfortable and embarrassing roadblock to communication. Dr. Giulio Cavalli, your ENT doctor in Pittsfield, MA, sees many patients who are dealing with this common issue, and he's outlined some of the ways he helps them prevent hoarseness from becoming a problem.

What is hoarseness?

Patients in Pittsfield with hoarseness may speak very quietly or in a raspy or strained-sounding tone. This is usually due to an irritation of the voice box, or larynx, or the structures that make it up. This is often due to overuse of the voice, particularly if you've had to yell or sing for a long period. It's also a common issue that tends to happen toward the end of a cold or flu. People with chronic conditions like allergies, thyroid disorders, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are also prone to hoarseness. While the majority of reasons for hoarseness are not particularly serious, it is occasionally a symptom of cancer of the larynx or surrounding structures.

How do I prevent hoarseness?

If your Pittsfield ENT has diagnosed you with one of the conditions that lead to hoarseness, you may be wondering how to keep it at bay. Here are a few tips to get ahead of your hoarse voice:

  • Nip bad habits in the bud. As you know, quitting smoking has a positive bearing on every part of your health. Committing to quitting smoking can greatly improve hoarseness.
  • Stay hydrated. Keep your throat (and the rest of your body) well-watered. Sip on water throughout the day to maintain moisture. Drinks that contain alcohol or caffeine can have the opposite effect on your body and should be enjoyed in moderation.
  • Introduce humidity. Consider running a humidifier in your home, particularly if your heat or air conditioner runs constantly. These appliances help regulate the temperature, but can also dry the environment out. A humidifier releases a small amount of moisture into the air which can offset the dryness and keep your hoarseness under control.

If your voice is hoarse for longer than two weeks, a call to your Pittsfield MA otolaryngologist for an evaluation is a good idea. Contact the office of Dr. Giulio Cavalli at (413) 443-6116‎ to set up an appointment today!

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