Posts for category: ENT
Allergies are associated with a wide range of symptoms that can leave you feeling less than your best. If you’re dealing with chronic sinus congestion, itchy eyes, skin rashes, or other symptoms, help is available. Dr. Giulio Cavalli, the experienced Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor at Berkshire Medical Center can develop a treatment plan to help you achieve relief from allergies.
Allergy Causes and Symptoms
Allergy symptoms can be caused by various allergens. An allergen is a substance that prompts an allergic reaction from the immune system, such as sneezing or a skin rash. Common allergens include:
- Dust mites
- Animal dander
- Household chemicals
- Certain foods (e.g., wheat, nuts, dairy, shellfish)
- Certain medications (e.g., penicillin)
- Insect bites or stings
An allergic reaction to a substance can result in the development of certain symptoms. The symptoms that are experienced depend on the type of allergen causing them. For example, an allergic reaction to pollen can result in sneezing and itchy eyes. Allergy symptoms can include:
- Hives or skin rash
- Sinus congestion
- Itchy or watery eyes
- Sneezing or runny nose
- Swelling in the eyes, mouth, or face
- Wheezing or coughing
- Shortness of breath
- Scratchy throat
Your highly skilled Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor can develop an individualized plan for treating your allergies. Allergy tests may be performed to identify the specific allergen(s) causing the reaction. Once the allergen is confirmed, the doctor can recommend a treatment method best suited to you and your symptoms.
Treatment methods can vary based on the type of allergy and its symptoms. One option is medication, such as:
- Steroid medicines (e.g., oral inhalers)
- Lotions or creams
Another method for treating certain types of allergies is immunotherapy. This method involves repeated exposure to small doses of an allergen, either by injection or by placing drops of allergen extract under the tongue. Each time the body is exposed to the allergen, the body begins building up its tolerance to the substance. As the body becomes increasingly resistant or immune to the effects of the allergen, you begin to experience fewer allergy symptoms.
Help for allergies is available. Dr. Cavalli can develop an effective treatment plan for you. To schedule an appointment with our Pittsfield, MA, ENT doctor, call Berkshire Medical Center at (413) 443-6116.
Hearing loss is a fairly common issue that affects many individuals around the world. Hearing loss means that you are either partially or totally unable to hear sounds. It is caused by numerous factors, but the most frequent ones are due to age and/or excessive noise exposure. Hearing loss could result from:
- A ruptured eardrum
- A progressive buildup of earwax
- Infection in the ears or tumors
- Inner ear damage
Here at the office of our otolaryngologist, Dr. Guilio Cavalli, in Pittsfield, MA, he can evaluate your case and recommend the most appropriate interventions for your hearing loss.
Hearing Loss Signs and Symptoms to Watch Out For
The general symptoms and signs of hearing loss that you may experience include:
- Speech and other sounds seem muffled.
- Difficulty hearing certain words, most especially if you’re exposed to loud background noise.
- Difficulty hearing consonants.
- A tendency to avoid some social settings or needing to get away from conversations due to hearing issues.
- Having to increase the volume of a song or video.
- Usually needing to request others to speak louder, slower, and more clearly.
Hearing Loss Risk Factors
The following are general risk factors that could likewise impact your hearing:
- Exposure to extremely loud noises. If you are exposed frequently to loud sounds, it could damage the cells in your inner ear.
- Aging. In the long run, structures in the inner ear naturally tend to degenerate.
- Genetic factors. Your genes can make you more prone to hearing loss.
- Recreational noises. Exposure to noises from things such as jet engines, motorcycle engines, or carpentry, could lead to permanent hearing loss.
- Occupational noises. Being exposed frequently to loud noises while doing factory work or construction could likewise damage the inside of your ears.
- Certain medications. Drugs like sildenafil, gentamicin, and particularly chemotherapy medications, could harm the inner ear. Furthermore, large doses of pain relievers and antimalarial drugs could temporarily affect your hearing.
- Some illnesses. Diseases that come with a high fever can damage the cochlea.
Prevention Tips for Hearing Loss
The kind of treatment that your otolaryngologist in Pittsfield, MA, to correct your hearing loss would largely depend on the severity and cause of your hearing loss. That being said, hearing problems inherited since birth cannot be prevented, but these extra measures could lessen your risk of developing hearing loss:
- Don’t poke deep into your ears with cotton swabs if you must use them.
- Wear earplugs to loud events.
- If your work environment involves loud noises, wear earmuffs or earplugs.
- Don’t set the volume of your gadgets or devices too loud.
If You Have Concerns or Questions About Hearing Loss, Call Us
Dial (413) 443-6116 to arrange an appointment with our otolaryngologist, Dr. Giulio Cavalli, here in our Pittsfield, MA, practice.
You’ve probably had days when you sound extremely raspy or husky. In some cases, people even lose their voices for a day or two. While hoarseness is usually harmless, there may be times that it requires professional treatment. Here at Giulio Cavalli Medical in Pittsfield, MA, our ENT doctor, Dr. Giulio Cavalli, can examine your condition, give you an accurate diagnosis, and recommend treatments to help you manage your hoarseness.
Common Causes of Hoarseness
Aside from overusing or misusing your voice due to shouting, cheering, singing loudly, etc., one of the most causes of hoarseness is laryngitis, which develops from infection, irritation, or overuse of the larynx (i.e. the voice box).
Normally, the vocal cords inside your larynx can close and open smoothly to form sounds via their vibrations and movements. When you have laryngitis, however, the vocal cords become irritated and swollen, which causes sound distortion, and therefore, hoarseness. In more serious laryngitis cases, your voice can even become virtually undetectable.
While most laryngitis cases are not serious, persistent hoarseness and chronic laryngitis could indicate a more severe underlying health problem. These can include vocal cord paralysis, vocal cysts, polyps, vocal fold hemorrhage, thyroid issues, and neurological disorder/diseases.
When to Visit Your Doctor for Hoarseness
Visit your ENT doctor if you’re been experiencing hoarseness for longer than three weeks, particularly if you don’t have an obvious condition, such as the flu or a cold, that could explain your symptoms. You should also immediately consult with our Pittsfield office if you are coughing up blood, have a lump or bump in the neck, have pain when swallowing/talking, have breathing difficulties, or if you lose your voice entirely for more than three days.
Worried About Your Hoarseness?
Schedule a consultation with your ENT doctor, Dr. Giulio Cavalli of Giulio Cavalli Medical in Pittsfield, MA, by dialing (413) 443-6116.
Has your voice suddenly become hoarse? Although nearly everyone experiences hoarseness from time to time, the symptoms improve on their own in a few weeks in most cases. If your hoarseness continues longer than two or three weeks, it's a good idea to pay a visit to Dr. Giulio Cavalli, your ear, nose, and throat doctor in Pittsfield, MA. Dr. Cavalli can help you determine the cause of your hoarseness and recommend appropriate treatment options.
Why am I hoarse?
Diagnosing your condition starts with a head and neck examination and a discussion of your symptoms and your medical history. Your Pittsfield ENT may also examine your vocal cords using a thin, flexible scope that contains a light and a miniature camera. The scope is passed through your nose and into the upper part of your throat.
Common causes of hoarseness include:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) or laryngopharyngeal reflux disorder (LRP)
- Normal effects of aging
- Singing or yelling for extended periods
- Colds and upper respiratory infections
- Seasonal or food allergies
- Benign polyps, nodules or cysts on your larynx (voice box)
- Trauma to your throat and larynx
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Thyroid disease
Although hoarseness can be caused by cancer, changes in your voice are more often caused by other health problems.
What treatments are available for hoarseness?
Treatment for hoarseness depends on the cause of your symptoms. If you have GERD or LRP, you may benefit from taking medications that decrease stomach acid production. Treating allergies, quitting smoking, and reducing exposure to secondhand smoke can be helpful, as can drinking more water and increasing the humidity in your home. Hoarseness caused by an underlying illness or condition may be improved by treating that condition.
A few sessions with a speech pathologist may be recommended if hoarseness occurs due to overuse of your larynx. The speech pathologist can help you change the way you produce sounds to prevent straining your vocal cords. Surgery may be needed if hoarseness is caused by a cyst, polyp or tumor.
Are you concerned about hoarseness? Call Dr. Giulio Cavalli, your ENT doctor in Pittsfield, MA, at (413) 443-6116 to schedule an appointment.